19 votes
Accepted

Difference between kuracisto and doktoro?

The word kuracisto unambiguously means "medical doctor", while doktoro mainly means "degree holder", but that word can also mean informally "medical doctor".
18 votes

What is the difference between the affixes fi- and -aĉ?

PMEG explains that fi is not a "real" affix, while aĉ is. Then it goes on and says, talking about the difference between them: Prefikseca fi kaj la sufikso AĈ estas similaj. Fi estas pli subjektiva....
18 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between "flari" and "odori"?

I can explain the difference with a simple sentence: "Mi flaras la floron. La floro odoras bone." flari: to sense a smell released by something with one's nose (the subject is a person) odori: to ...
15 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between "gajni" and "venki"?

"gajni" comes from the English "to gain", and has more or less the same meaning as "to gain", i.e. it generally expresses the idea of receiving something. You can use it to translate "to win", ...
14 votes
Accepted

Ebleco, eblo aŭ eblaĵo?

Ni diskutis tiun demandon dum NASK ĉi-jare. Mi konvinkiĝis pro la klarigo de Bertilo Wennergren ke la ĝusta vorto plej ofte estas "eblo", dum multege da esperantistoj, pro nacilingva influo, tro uzas "...
13 votes
Accepted

Difference between fari and farti

When you say that farti is being used for to do, my guess is that you are referring to a translation of the phrase “how do you do?” as “kiel vi fartas?”. In this case farti is only a translation of to ...
  • 17k
11 votes

What is the difference between "sana" and "saniga"?

sana is the state of a person: Li estas denove sana kaj do povas reveni al la laboro - Ĝenerale mi estas sana persono saniga ("making healthy") is the quality of something that leads to health: La ...
10 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between the many words for "number"?

The difference between nombro and numero is that nombro refers to the number itself, as a concept, while numero refers purely to a label. Ŝi havas grandan nombron da ekzemploj. She has a large number ...
  • 13.7k
10 votes

About "ĉu" and "se" in clauses

They are both gramatically correct, but semantically, you'd never use the one with se. Mi ne scias ĉu ŝi ŝatas min. I don't know if/whether she likes me. But Mi ne scias se ŝi ŝatas min. In the ...
10 votes
Accepted

Is there a difference between "dubas, ke" and "dubas, ĉu"?

Only use the word ĉu here when you want to emphasize uncertainty. Then it means something like sin demandi ĉu. Neniu dubas, ke tio estas fakto. No one doubts that it is a fact. Li dubis ke mi aĝis ...
  • 13.7k
10 votes

Why are there two words for "heart"?

According to Vilborg, all four playing card suit names were taken together directly from French - apparently without regard to koro - which comes primarily from Latin. In fact, all four suits ...
10 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between the affixes fi- and -aĉ?

Put simply, "-aĉ-" is the one that means "Bad, of poor quality", whereas "fi-" actually means "Immorral/corrupt". For example, A "Fiprezidento" would be a corrupt president, say taking bribes from ...
10 votes
Accepted

Ke vs. kiu: which one to use?

"Ke" connects a verb to a phrase: Mi ne sciis ke li studis en Londono. Mirigas min ke ili sukcesis Mi ĝojas ke la suno brilas. "Kiu" connects a noun to a description: Mi ne antaŭe vidis la viron ...
9 votes

What is the difference between "gajni" and "venki"?

"gajni ion" is to win something. "venki iun" is to defeat someone.
9 votes

Kial ne “okulvitro” anstataŭ “okulvitroj” se kaj “pantalono” kaj “tondilo” estas singularaj?

Ĉar estas du vitroj kaj nur unu pantalono kaj nur unu ilo por tondi. Diversaj lingvoj traktas tiajn aferojn malsame. "Logike" tamen, unu parto de tondilo ne povas tondi kaj sekve ne povas esti ...
9 votes
Accepted

Ĉu estas diferenco inter "teĥniko" kaj "tekniko"?

There is no difference in meaning between both words and both words are understood. You can simply choose which word you prefer to use. I myself usually prefer the forms with the letter "ĥ".
8 votes

What is the difference between the affixes fi- and -aĉ?

From Plena Ilustrita Vortaro: Inter fi k aĉ estas tia diferenco, ke aĉ esprimas, ke iun aŭ ion oni juĝas malbonkvalita, netaŭga ks, dum fi esprimas negativan juĝon el morala vidpunkto. (Between ...
  • 3,759
8 votes
Accepted

About "ĉu" and "se" in clauses

They are both correct sentences, but the meaning is very different. But maybe it's a bit clearer with a different example. Ni scios morgaŭ, ĉu ŝi venos. = We don't know whether she will come or not, ...
  • 1,020
8 votes
Accepted

Kio estas la diferenco inter bezoni kaj necesi?

La diferenco estas, ke "necesi" signifas "esti necesa", kaj "bezoni" signifas "suferi pro manko de [io necesa]" aŭ "ne povi agi sen [io]". Do "bezoni" uziĝas kiel la hispana "necesitar" (angle "to ...
  • 3,759
7 votes

Is there any difference between 'ree' and 'denove'?

Denove is the traditional way of saying ”again” in Esperanto. Ree is made from the prefix re-, so it’s a bit more ”fresh and slangy”, I’d say. You could compare it with antaŭa versus eksa: Mi estis ...
  • 539
7 votes

Why are there two words for "heart"?

You checked wrong languages :) The obvious ones to look at are Polish and Russian: hearts (♥️): kiery, червы heart (biological, metaphorical): serce, сердце Meanings of Esperanto words are very ...
  • 1,235
7 votes

Ke vs. kiu: which one to use?

This is how I look at it. ke joins two grammatically complete expressions, usually complete sentences, but it can include prepositional phrases, as in the first example. Por konvinki tiun sinjoron, ...
7 votes
Accepted

Stepfather: vicpatro or duonpatro?

To your list you can also add stifpatro, which you'll find in at least a few dictionaries, but is far less common than the other two. According to PIV: Vic- la pure nominalan parencecon inter la ...
7 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between "postuli" and "demandi"?

Demandi is the action of requesting information, that is to ask a question. Postuli is making a demand, asking for something. Panjo demandis min ĉu mi faris miajn hejmtaskojn. "Mom asked me if I did ...
  • 1,044
7 votes

How do you say the color orange in Esperanto?

According to PIV you can use both, they have the same meaning. But, on top of the colour, oranĝa could also mean that something is made of oranges, for example orange juice. If you know it is about ...
6 votes

Ebleco, eblo aŭ eblaĵo?

Mi ne scias pri la vorto eblaĵo. Ebleco = La eco esti ebla: ebleco de tia evoluo estas tre malgranda; ni lasos por kelka tempo flanke la demandon pri la ebleco aŭ neebleco de la enkonduko de ...
  • 4,622
6 votes

What is the difference between "afero" and "aĵo"?

I answered the question here: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/9679034 Here are the relevant bits. Q: Ĉu oni povas klarigi la [diferencon] inter "afero," "aĵo," kaj "objekto"? A: Sen kontroli en ...
6 votes

Kio estas la diferenco inter "volonte" kaj "libervole"?

"Volonte" estas multe pli entuziasma. Oni povas libervole fari aferojn kiuj ne estas agrablaj, sed se oni faras ion "volonte" tio signifas ke one vere volas fari ĝin (aŭ provas ŝajnigi tion). Cetere, ...
6 votes
Accepted

How to choose fid- versus kred-?

The primary meaning of kredi is believe (a statement). The primary meaning of fidi is trust (a person). So the original distinction is between putting faith in an idea, or in a person. For example, ...
  • 13.7k
6 votes

What is the difference between "lernanto" and "studanto"?

A lernanto is at primary or high school, while at universities you can find a studento. And a studanto is any person studying something, so a pupil, a student, a normal working person who is just ...

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