12 votes
Accepted

Ĉu oni povas kunigi vortojn per aliaj kategoriaj finaĵoj, ol "-o"?

PMEG havas longan diskuton pri la diversaj situacioj kie aliaj finaĵoj ol -o- estas permesataj por ligi radikojn. Pri -e- ĝi klarigas jene: Se la antaŭelemento estas vorteto (tia vorto, kiu ne ...
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  • 16.9k
11 votes
Accepted

Should we create new words with "oŭ"?

No, you should avoid using "oŭ" when creating a new word. Traditionally, Ŭ only appears after A and E, and this convention is still generally applied when creating new words. The only word with "oŭ" ...
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11 votes
Accepted

Is there a suffix "-or-" in Esperanto?

No, there’s no such suffix as far as I know and ankaŭ and ankoraŭ are just separate roots. I wouldn’t say that aŭ is a suffix either. It is just a common ending for roots where the role of the word is ...
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  • 16.9k
10 votes

"aspektas strange" aŭ "aspektas stranga"?

Tutan respondon vi trovos en Priskribaj verboj en PMEG. Perverba priskribo (kun A-vorto) kaj maniera komplemento (kun E-vorto), estas egale ĝustaj ĉe aspekti, kaj tre ofte apenaŭ gravas, kiun formon ...
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9 votes

Which if any esperanto words are not viable as affixes for constructing new words?

Any word is viable as part of a compound. The only limitation is whether it makes sense. Even "la" could be used in a compound if it makes sense to do so. As a contrived example: senlaa frazo.
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9 votes
Accepted

"Ĉionmanĝanta ŝafo" or "Ĉiomanĝanta ŝafo"? Can you build a word with the accusative like that?

In compound words, you only use the accusative form for si. (This is discussed in PAG §310.) So the word you want is ĉiomanĝ(ant)a. Be aware that ĉiovora means omnivorous. In PIV, under ĉio, these ...
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  • 13.7k
9 votes

Why do adjective share their noun's ending?

As mentioned in Lyubomir’s answer, presumably the reason is just because that’s how it’s done in many other languages. However I’d add to that that the adjective doesn’t always match the noun, it ...
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  • 16.9k
9 votes

Why "foj" is repeated in "fojfoje"?

This is a very interesting question. I think reduplication plays a role in Esperanto which hasn’t been sufficiently explored yet. What is the difference between Mi foje ludas ŝakon and Mi ...
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  • 1,988
9 votes
Accepted

Prefixes vs Suffixes: Which one is strongest?

Someone said to me years ago that language is not math. That is, when trying to express something in Esperanto, so-called "logic" can only take us so far. Eventually we have to use common sense, ...
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9 votes

Why do some compound words leave out the "o"?

I would assume it's simply a phonological matter: you cannot easily pronounce *skribtablo because of the two successive plosives. It is of course perfectly possible, but skribotablo is somewhat easier ...
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  • 3,154
8 votes

What is the equivalent of compound words created by joining them with hyphen?

I think the system would basically be the same as in English except that you would need to add a -a at the end to make sure it is an adjective if the last word isn’t already adjectival. The hyphens ...
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  • 16.9k
8 votes
Accepted

Word construction with an adjective

In standard Esperanto, you do not have complete freedom to glue an adjective to a noun to get a new noun. For example, you can say flavĉapela virino ("yellow-hatted woman", adj + noun → adj) but it ...
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  • 13.7k
8 votes
Accepted

Is word formation of Esperanto not accurate?

The answer is: no, it is not accurate. Esperanto is now a living language. As such, it behaves like all the other living languages. In particular, languages that build up words like Esperanto cannot ...
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8 votes

Is it encouraged to use an invented root word if I don't like the sound of an existing root word?

I think this would work about as well as it would work in English (ie, not very well at all). I reckon the majority of esperantists wouldn’t understand the word or even if they did they would just ...
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  • 16.9k
7 votes

Why do adjective share their noun's ending?

Adjectives agree with nouns in case and number (that is, they share the -j and-n endings) because the rules of Esperanto require it. Not making your nouns and adjectives agree would mark a speaker as ...
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7 votes

Ĉu oni povas kunigi vortojn per aliaj kategoriaj finaĵoj, ol "-o"?

Pri via fina demando - ĉu oni ĉiam povas uzi "-e-", kaj "-a-" (aŭ "-i-" aŭ "-u-" ) kiel kunigilo - mi respondas ke ne. Oni povas fari tion nur kiam la senco de la vorteroj permesas. "Pagipova" estas ...
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7 votes

Why "foj" is repeated in "fojfoje"?

Perhaps it will be interesting for you to know that the same reduplication of words is often used in russian language (possibly in other slavic languages too) - in exactly the same way as in Esperanto ...
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  • 251
7 votes

What's the word for "meme"

Like it or not memeo is here to stay. So is "meme" in the limited modern sense of "internet picture quote". The meaning from the 70's is often a surprise to people these days.
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7 votes
Accepted

Double suffixes?

There is no rule that forbids the combination of affixes in Esperanto, as long as the resulting words have a recognizable sense.* There is, however, outside joking/mocking language (IIRC Karol Pič ...
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7 votes
Accepted

Kiel oni diras "kafon sen kafeino" unuvorte?

Mi ne pensas, ke ekzistas komunuza vorto por diri tion unuvorte. Se vi volas ion mallongan, mi rekomendus la duvortan esprimon "senkafeina kafo".
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6 votes

Converting verbs to nouns

It's called the gerund form. In Esperanto it's generally done with the "-ad-" affix (means continual action). Sometimes the affix isn't necessary and you can just use the noun form ("-o") of the root. ...
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  • 375
6 votes
Accepted

Converting verbs to nouns

Yes, there is, and the reason you found it to be hard find by keywords may be that this is actually a trivial task in Esperanto that goes beyond the specific case of verbs and nouns. Any word is ...
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  • 3,373
6 votes

Is "oi" a valid pair of letters in esperanto?

Searching Tekstaro for “oi”, I found a lot of examples of words with that vowel combination. Here are some examples: soifo heroino egoisto koincido troigo … As for pronounciation, ...
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6 votes

What are some example-words to show how well affixes work?

Here are some that come to mind, not chosen very scientifically... Farendaĵo - far-end-aĵ-o - A thing that must be done, an errand, an obligation. More literally: a "must-do" thing. fari = to do -...
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  • 1,495
6 votes

What are some example-words to show how well affixes work?

I have programmed a tool that has parsed all the words in the Tekstaro de Esperanto. The most common compounds with four roots+affixes in this corpus are the following ones (the number of occurrences ...
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6 votes

What are some example-words to show how well affixes work?

A nice example which comes to my mind is senarbarigo (deforestation). It is based on the radical arb/o (tree), with the following affixes: -aro: a set (with some internal consistency), so arbaro ...
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  • 1,163
6 votes

What is the difference between "bluverda", "verdblua" and "blua kaj verda"?

Blua kaj verda means an object is part blue and part green. Bluverda is a color that is between green and blue, such as the one in the following image which is a red 0, green 122, and blue 116.
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  • 1,675
6 votes
Accepted

Why do adjective share their noun's ending?

Kial ne? Vere, kial ne? Mi supozas, ke tiun decidon faris Zamenhof kaj mi ne scias ĉu li respondis al ĝi en iu de liaj lingvaj respondoj, sed se mi devus supozi, mi dirus, ke unu el la kialoj estus ...
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6 votes

La nuanco inter du malsametaj “ni”

En Esperanto, "ni" povas signifi unu el du aferoj: Mi, vi, kaj iuj aliaj personoj. Mi kun iuj aliaj personoj, sed ne vi. Se estas ŝanco de miskompreno, oni trovu alian manieron klarigi. Vi kaj mi ...
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6 votes
Accepted

Etymology of kato and kata

In Esperanto, the root words themselves already have a meaning. So the root kat is already the animal and it is intrinsically a noun. Similarly, the root bel intrinsically represents the state of ...
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  • 16.9k

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