20 votes

When to use "ĉu" instead of "se"?

Simple rule of thumb - if you are able to substitute "whether" (I don't know whether he's friendly) then use "ĉu".
19 votes

Difference between ĉar and pro

pro is a preposition so it should be followed by a noun. ĉar is a conjunction so it can be followed by a complete phrase. Both of them indicate that the thing following it is the cause of the thing ...
  • 17k
17 votes

What is the difference between "per", "por", "pri" and "pro"?

“per” denotes who or what helps the sentence happen. It can denote an instrument: Bati iun per bastono. Trafi du celojn per unu ŝtono. Ni vidas per la okuloj kaj aŭdas per la oreloj. It can denote ...
  • 411
17 votes

When to use "ĉu" instead of "se"?

The words following se provide the condition under which the other clause becomes relevant. So, Mi ne scias se li estas amika means "If it is the case that he is friendly, then I do not know." You ...
  • 13.7k
15 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between post and poste?

Post on its own is a preposition, not an adverb, meaning that it describes a relationship between two entities (usually nouns or phrases). Poste is an adverb that modifies a verb. Examples: La hundo ...
  • 3,171
14 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between "trans" and "tra"?

I'd like to change the examples slightly to this, so not by strato, but by parko. Mi iras tra la parko. (I am going through the park.) Usually you don't use the direction marker -n here, but it's ...
14 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between "violkolora" and "purpura"?

They are definitely not the same, PIV defines purpura like this: Havanta la koloron de la purpuro PIV defines purpuro like this: *purpur/o: 1 Violruĝa kolorilo, kiun la antikvuloj eltiris el ...
  • 11.1k
13 votes
Accepted

What's the meaning of "ol"?

Ol does translate to "than", but you can also think of it as more generally just indicating a comparison or difference. PIV lists these uses for it: por enkonduki la duan parton de neegaleca komparo -...
  • 3,171
12 votes

How to translate "to pledge"?

Considering I've been running the Amikumu campaign all day, this word has been bothering me too. Then finally when I was writing up the FAQ for the question of how to get a member reward and a sponsor ...
  • 2,314
11 votes
Accepted

Kio estas la diferenco inter scivola kaj scivolema?

Uzu scivola aŭ scivoli kiam temas pri sola afero, kaj scivolema por priskribi personecon. Ekzemple: Mi scivolas pri via libro. Kio estas tio? Mi scivolas. Ŝi estas scivolema knabino. Mi demandas ...
11 votes

Kio estas la diferenco inter scivola kaj scivolema?

Certe kelkaj personoj miksas la du signifojn, sed ĝenerale, scivola estas portempa afero. vi ja ne povas kaŝi, ke vi estas iom scivola. Kaj scivolema estas pli malpli konstanta trajto: Alico [estas]...
11 votes

Why some esperanto-speakers call others "samideano"?

It's a reference to "la interna ideo", which Zamenhof described like this: "La interna ideo of Esperanto, which is in no way obligatory for any individual Esperantist, but which [...] is and always ...
  • 1,073
10 votes

Is the "ge-" prefix in "gefratoj" necessary?

Given that the original game is named “Smash Brothers” and not “Smash Siblings”, regardless of context, I would say that you could very well remove the ge- prefix.
10 votes
Accepted

Kiu estu la signifo de "pardonon"?

La kompleta frazo estas: Mi petas pardonon.
10 votes

What is “kioma” used for besides asking for the time?

Just think of kiom as a numeral like unu, du, tri...kiom? (one, two, three...how many?) Unua means first, dua is second, tria is third, dudeka is twentieth. Kioma is, well, there is no word for it ...
  • 1,770
10 votes

How to translate "to pledge"?

A few years back, I created the Esperanto version the website PledgeBank.com (now sadly defunct). We just went with promesi then. The Esperanto site was called PromesoBanko.com and each "pledge" was ...
  • 1,073
10 votes

How old is a "knabino"?

The answer to your question is highly dependent on culture. Even within a single language and single country people disagree about when to stop calling a young female a "girl" and whether than happens ...
10 votes
Accepted

Ke vs. kiu: which one to use?

"Ke" connects a verb to a phrase: Mi ne sciis ke li studis en Londono. Mirigas min ke ili sukcesis Mi ĝojas ke la suno brilas. "Kiu" connects a noun to a description: Mi ne antaŭe vidis la viron ...
10 votes

What's the difference between "kvankam" and "tamen"?

Kvankam is used to append information showing a cause or motive which doesn't have the usual result. mi vidas nenion, kvankam ĉio estas lumaZ; Tamen means simply "in spite of that". la knabo estis ...
10 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between "grajno" and "greno"?

greno is the general expression for crop/cereals as plants and raw material (tritiko, hordeo kaj sekalo estas speco de greno, tiu kamparano ne bredas bestojn, sed kultivas nur grenon). grajno is the ...
10 votes

Kio estas la signifo de "falsidas"?

Fali means to fall. It is in Wiktionary here. So I guess falsidi is meant to be self-evident from the combination of the two roots, ie, that he fell down into a sitting position. Perhaps a good ...
  • 17k
9 votes

What is the difference between post and poste?

Post is a preposition, meaning "after". It can function as an adverb together with other words, for example: Mi dormos post horo. Poste on the other hand, is an adverb on its own, meaning "later". ...
9 votes

What is the difference between "trans" and "tra"?

Trans means "on the other side of". If you're on one side of the street and then you iras trans la straton - you will then be trans la strato (on the other side of the street.) (Trans la strato ...
9 votes

The meaning of rekonilo

La Sentimulo is a greatly abridged retelling by Roger Imbert of The Bravo (1831), a novel by James Fenimore Cooper. It uses only the 450 root-words of the Zagreba Metodo and about a hundred extra ...
  • 13.7k
9 votes

Does “priskribi” only relate to a written description?

"Priskribi" is long established in Esperanto, and essentially functions as an independent word, much like "eldoni". "Pridiri" and "vortpentri" are not forms in normal Esperanto usage, although they ...
  • 613
9 votes

What is “kioma” used for besides asking for the time?

Kioma is used to ask about anything which is an ordered sequence. Here are some examples of it being used other than to ask the time. Kaj li rememoris (kioman fojon en ĉi tiu jaro!) la maljustaĵojn ...
9 votes

How should I use "probable"?

The traditional word for "probably" is "verŝajne". It is a compound word made from "vera" ('true') and "ŝajni" ('to seem'). So literally it means 'true-seemingly', but from the outset it has only been ...
9 votes

Why "foj" is repeated in "fojfoje"?

This is a very interesting question. I think reduplication plays a role in Esperanto which hasn’t been sufficiently explored yet. What is the difference between Mi foje ludas ŝakon and Mi ...
  • 1,988
9 votes
Accepted

Prefixes vs Suffixes: Which one is strongest?

Someone said to me years ago that language is not math. That is, when trying to express something in Esperanto, so-called "logic" can only take us so far. Eventually we have to use common sense, ...
9 votes
Accepted

Ĉu estas diferenco inter "teĥniko" kaj "tekniko"?

There is no difference in meaning between both words and both words are understood. You can simply choose which word you prefer to use. I myself usually prefer the forms with the letter "ĥ".

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