25 votes
Accepted

What is the meaning of "korekta" and when to use it?

The word "korekta" is derived from the verb "korekti", which means "to correct". Therefore its only regular meaning is "characterized by or related to the act of correcting". For example, one can say "...
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21 votes
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Isn't “kio la fek” grammatically wrong?

To me this is a clear anglicism. These kinds of anglicisms sometimes gain some popularity quite fast, because their English equivalents are vastly understood also by non english natives. The people ...
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19 votes
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How do I know when a verb is transitive?

Unfortunately one has to memorize this. But it is not as hard as it seems. You already have to memorize the precise meaning of a verb and transitivity or intransitivity is part of its meaning. The ...
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  • 1,490
19 votes
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Should I ever use the pronoun "ci"?

You should use ci about as often as you would use thou in English. Or less. The purpose of ci was to provide an alternative, singular form of vi for use in translations (or pseudo-translations), when ...
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  • 13.7k
18 votes
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What is the difference between "flari" and "odori"?

I can explain the difference with a simple sentence: "Mi flaras la floron. La floro odoras bone." flari: to sense a smell released by something with one's nose (the subject is a person) odori: to ...
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17 votes
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When to use "olda" instead of "maljuna"?

olda is a neologism which can mean either maljuna or malnova like the English word "old". It appears in the dictionary Simplaj Samsignifaj Vortoj which is a list of recommendations about good usage ...
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  • 16.9k
17 votes

Should I ever use the pronoun "ci"?

In the Unua Libro (the first book about Esperanto from 1887), ci doesn't appear at all. Later Zamenhof introduced it in order to be able to render in translated works the distinction that most ...
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16 votes
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How do you say "hang out" in Esperanto?

I like to use the word umi. It has a nice slang feel to it whilst still being formed from an Esperanto root. PIV has the following definition: umi (fm) Fari ion ne precizigitan: kion vi umas?; ni ...
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16 votes
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How do I say "black people" respectfully in Esperanto?

There is a danger in importing sensitivities from our national cultures because in cases like this, sensitivity varies so much. I think nigrulo is fine - and if it's not fine, I would hope that people ...
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15 votes
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How does one say "It's all Greek to me" in Esperanto?

From here (but I’ve also heard it explained from people somewhere, maybe Evildea, if I’m not mistaken): Ĝi estas por mi volapukaĵo. Which comes from the other constructed language Volapuk which is ...
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15 votes
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What is the difference between "gajni" and "venki"?

"gajni" comes from the English "to gain", and has more or less the same meaning as "to gain", i.e. it generally expresses the idea of receiving something. You can use it to translate "to win", ...
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15 votes
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How do you use the word "ĵus"?

From Vortaro: ĵus Cirkonstanca morfemo, signifanta "momenton antaŭ nun" aŭ "antaŭ tiam. A circumstantial morpheme, meaning "a moment before now" or "before that time". Examples: The sixth hour ...
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  • 1,234
14 votes
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What is the difference between -ita and -ata?

-ita means that something has had something done to it, while -ata means something is having something done to it. For example, if I call someone mia amata filo, that means that he is my son whom I ...
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  • 3,759
14 votes
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What is the difference between "violkolora" and "purpura"?

They are definitely not the same, PIV defines purpura like this: Havanta la koloron de la purpuro PIV defines purpuro like this: *purpur/o: 1 Violruĝa kolorilo, kiun la antikvuloj eltiris el ...
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  • 11.1k
14 votes
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When should I use "tio" and "tiu"?

Use tio when you don't know the nature of what you are pointing or if you don't want to mention its nature. (By "nature", I mean every kind of concept, such as cars, dogs, ideas ...) You can read "...
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  • 11.1k
14 votes

How do you use the word "ĵus"?

Ĵus applies to time. For your example, it would be "Li ĵus alvenis." However, ĵus does not apply to "merely." For the other example, you should say, "Mi simple deziras iom da pico."
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14 votes
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Difference between 'da' and 'de'?

The notes in the Duolingo lesson you refer to https://www.duolingo.com/skill/eo/Da_De are actually very useful, they start off Although both da and de can be translated into English as of, they ...
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  • 1,772
14 votes
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Ebleco, eblo aŭ eblaĵo?

Ni diskutis tiun demandon dum NASK ĉi-jare. Mi konvinkiĝis pro la klarigo de Bertilo Wennergren ke la ĝusta vorto plej ofte estas "eblo", dum multege da esperantistoj, pro nacilingva influo, tro uzas "...
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13 votes

How common is the "-iĉ-" suffix to denote maleness?

First note that only about 30 roots in Esperanto have an explicitly male meaning. These are mainly the familial roots like "patro", "filo" and "edzo", nobility roots like "reĝo" and "princo" and a ...
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13 votes

How does one say "It's all Greek to me" in Esperanto?

"Ĝi estas por mi volapukaĵo." Is a great way of expressing this. "It's all Greek to me." means that something is not understandable. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_to_me Historically, Esperanto ...
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  • 8,117
13 votes
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What is the difference between "krom" and "escepte"?

Your two sentences mean the same thing. However, krom means "besides", and as a result there are situations in which it could mean both "except" and "as well as". Mi ...
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  • 13.7k
13 votes
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Why does "devus" translate as "should?"

This is explained well in PMEG: La verba finaĵo US normale montras, ke temas pri nereala, imagata ago. Sed la verbaj formoj povus, devus kaj volus havas tamen specialan signifon. Plej ofte ili ...
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13 votes

What is the difference between "kio" and "kiu"?

kio = what Examples: Kio estas tio? → What is that? (Is it a dog? Is it a cat?) Kion vi deziras? → What do you want? (A pen? An ice-cream?) kiu = which [one of a group, type, etc.] or who Examples: ...
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13 votes
Accepted

Why is it "kiom strange" instead of "kiel strange"?

According to PMEG: La tabelvortoj kiel kaj tiel montras ne nur manieron, sed ankaŭ gradon. Oni uzu ilin en la samaj lokoj, kie oni povus uzi tre: Vi estas tiel bela, tiel bona kaj tiel ...
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12 votes

Are the words "volapuko" and "volapukisto" used as derogatory terms in Esperanto?

An article was recently published (in Interlinguistica Tartuensis IX, 2009) concerning Esperanto insults, which included a list of a few dozen recorded from the late 1980s. A reviewer commented: ...
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  • 13.7k
12 votes

What is the difference between "kio" and "kiu"?

They are definitely not interchangable. Trying to literally translate them to English you would end up in kio = what kiu = which A rule that I find quite useful is If it stands with a nounish word, ...
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12 votes
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How can one express "to save" in Esperanto?

savi — to rescue from danger or preserve from the threat of loss; to provide salvation to savi ion al iu — to rescue something for someone ŝpari, rezervi — to conserve, to save up (money, time, etc) ...
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  • 13.7k
12 votes
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Kio estas la diferenco inter 'nura' kaj 'sola'?

La vorto nura esprimas nesufiĉecon; la vorto sola esprimas foreston de kunuloj. Li ne estas viro. Eĉ kun nia helpo, la tasko estos malfacila por nura knabo. Li staras ekster la lernejo sen aliaj ...
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  • 13.7k
12 votes
Accepted

What's the difference between "ĉiu" and "ĉiuj"?

According to PMEG: Oni uzas ĉiu, se oni konsideras la individuojn aparte. Oni uzas ĉiuj, se oni pensas pri la tuta grupo kune. I.e. ĉiu corresponds (for the most part) to "each" and ĉiuj to "all". ...
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  • 3,171
12 votes

What is the difference between the interjections "ĝuste" and "prave"?

They are as interchangable as ĝusta and prava. As you hinted at, ĝusta refers to being "correct" in the sense of being "appropriate" while prava refers to being "correct" in the sense of being "true": ...
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  • 3,171

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