25 votes
Accepted

What is the meaning of "korekta" and when to use it?

The word "korekta" is derived from the verb "korekti", which means "to correct". Therefore its only regular meaning is "characterized by or related to the act of correcting". For example, one can say "...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
21 votes
Accepted

Isn't “kio la fek” grammatically wrong?

To me this is a clear anglicism. These kinds of anglicisms sometimes gain some popularity quite fast, because their English equivalents are vastly understood also by non english natives. The people ...
Johannes Mueller's user avatar
20 votes
Accepted

How do I know when a verb is transitive?

Unfortunately one has to memorize this. But it is not as hard as it seems. You already have to memorize the precise meaning of a verb and transitivity or intransitivity is part of its meaning. The ...
Jiri Lebl's user avatar
  • 1,510
19 votes
Accepted

Should I ever use the pronoun "ci"?

You should use ci about as often as you would use thou in English. Or less. The purpose of ci was to provide an alternative, singular form of vi for use in translations (or pseudo-translations), when ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
  • 13.7k
19 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between "flari" and "odori"?

I can explain the difference with a simple sentence: "Mi flaras la floron. La floro odoras bone." flari: to sense a smell released by something with one's nose (the subject is a person) odori: to ...
Robin van der Vliet's user avatar
17 votes
Accepted

When to use "olda" instead of "maljuna"?

olda is a neologism which can mean either maljuna or malnova like the English word "old". It appears in the dictionary Simplaj Samsignifaj Vortoj which is a list of recommendations about good usage ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
17 votes

Should I ever use the pronoun "ci"?

In the Unua Libro (the first book about Esperanto from 1887), ci doesn't appear at all. Later Zamenhof introduced it in order to be able to render in translated works the distinction that most ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
17 votes
Accepted

How do I say "black people" respectfully in Esperanto?

There is a danger in importing sensitivities from our national cultures because in cases like this, sensitivity varies so much. I think nigrulo is fine - and if it's not fine, I would hope that people ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
16 votes
Accepted

How do you say "hang out" in Esperanto?

I like to use the word umi. It has a nice slang feel to it whilst still being formed from an Esperanto root. PIV has the following definition: umi (fm) Fari ion ne precizigitan: kion vi umas?; ni ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
15 votes
Accepted

How does one say "It's all Greek to me" in Esperanto?

From here (but I’ve also heard it explained from people somewhere, maybe Evildea, if I’m not mistaken): Ĝi estas por mi volapukaĵo. Which comes from the other constructed language Volapuk which is ...
Lyubomir Vasilev's user avatar
15 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between "gajni" and "venki"?

"gajni" comes from the English "to gain", and has more or less the same meaning as "to gain", i.e. it generally expresses the idea of receiving something. You can use it to translate "to win", ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
15 votes
Accepted

How do you use the word "ĵus"?

From Vortaro: ĵus Cirkonstanca morfemo, signifanta "momenton antaŭ nun" aŭ "antaŭ tiam. A circumstantial morpheme, meaning "a moment before now" or "before that time". Examples: The sixth hour ...
makis's user avatar
  • 1,244
15 votes
Accepted

Difference between 'da' and 'de'?

The notes in the Duolingo lesson you refer to https://www.duolingo.com/skill/eo/Da_De are actually very useful, they start off Although both da and de can be translated into English as of, they ...
conor's user avatar
  • 1,782
14 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between -ita and -ata?

-ita means that something has had something done to it, while -ata means something is having something done to it. For example, if I call someone mia amata filo, that means that he is my son whom I ...
kristan's user avatar
  • 3,789
14 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between "violkolora" and "purpura"?

They are definitely not the same, PIV defines purpura like this: Havanta la koloron de la purpuro PIV defines purpuro like this: *purpur/o: 1 Violruĝa kolorilo, kiun la antikvuloj eltiris el ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
14 votes
Accepted

When should I use "tio" and "tiu"?

Use tio when you don't know the nature of what you are pointing or if you don't want to mention its nature. (By "nature", I mean every kind of concept, such as cars, dogs, ideas ...) You can read "...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
14 votes

How do you use the word "ĵus"?

Ĵus applies to time. For your example, it would be "Li ĵus alvenis." However, ĵus does not apply to "merely." For the other example, you should say, "Mi simple deziras iom da pico."
Clayton Ramsey's user avatar
14 votes
Accepted

Why is it "kiom strange" instead of "kiel strange"?

According to PMEG: La tabelvortoj kiel kaj tiel montras ne nur manieron, sed ankaŭ gradon. Oni uzu ilin en la samaj lokoj, kie oni povus uzi tre: Vi estas tiel bela, tiel bona kaj tiel ...
Lyubomir Vasilev's user avatar
14 votes
Accepted

Ebleco, eblo aŭ eblaĵo?

Ni diskutis tiun demandon dum NASK ĉi-jare. Mi konvinkiĝis pro la klarigo de Bertilo Wennergren ke la ĝusta vorto plej ofte estas "eblo", dum multege da esperantistoj, pro nacilingva influo, tro uzas "...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
13 votes

How common is the "-iĉ-" suffix to denote maleness?

First note that only about 30 roots in Esperanto have an explicitly male meaning. These are mainly the familial roots like "patro", "filo" and "edzo", nobility roots like "reĝo" and "princo" and a ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
13 votes

How does one say "It's all Greek to me" in Esperanto?

"Ĝi estas por mi volapukaĵo." Is a great way of expressing this. "It's all Greek to me." means that something is not understandable. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_to_me Historically, Esperanto ...
Charlotte SL's user avatar
  • 8,207
13 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between "krom" and "escepte"?

Your two sentences mean the same thing. However, krom means "besides", and as a result there are situations in which it could mean both "except" and "as well as". Mi ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
  • 13.7k
13 votes
Accepted

Why does "devus" translate as "should?"

This is explained well in PMEG: La verba finaĵo US normale montras, ke temas pri nereala, imagata ago. Sed la verbaj formoj povus, devus kaj volus havas tamen specialan signifon. Plej ofte ili ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
13 votes

What is the difference between "kio" and "kiu"?

kio = what Examples: Kio estas tio? → What is that? (Is it a dog? Is it a cat?) Kion vi deziras? → What do you want? (A pen? An ice-cream?) kiu = which [one of a group, type, etc.] or who Examples: ...
Lyubomir Vasilev's user avatar
13 votes

When do you use "si" and "sia" instead of "li" and "lia"?

You asked for short: Use si/sia when both are true the pronoun is not part of the subject. the pronoun refers to the subject of the verb. Regarding point 1: you'll never see la viro kaj sia edzino ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
13 votes

How do I say "black people" respectfully in Esperanto?

The common word nowadays is nigrulo. The word negro used to be the common word until a few decades ago, but nowadays many Esperantists consider it to have a slight negative connotation (comparable to ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
12 votes

Are the words "volapuko" and "volapukisto" used as derogatory terms in Esperanto?

An article was recently published (in Interlinguistica Tartuensis IX, 2009) concerning Esperanto insults, which included a list of a few dozen recorded from the late 1980s. A reviewer commented: ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
  • 13.7k
12 votes

What is the difference between "kio" and "kiu"?

They are definitely not interchangable. Trying to literally translate them to English you would end up in kio = what kiu = which A rule that I find quite useful is If it stands with a nounish word, ...
Johannes Mueller's user avatar
12 votes
Accepted

How can one express "to save" in Esperanto?

savi — to rescue from danger or preserve from the threat of loss; to provide salvation to savi ion al iu — to rescue something for someone ŝpari, rezervi — to conserve, to save up (money, time, etc) ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
  • 13.7k
12 votes
Accepted

Kio estas la diferenco inter 'nura' kaj 'sola'?

La vorto nura esprimas nesufiĉecon; la vorto sola esprimas foreston de kunuloj. Li ne estas viro. Eĉ kun nia helpo, la tasko estos malfacila por nura knabo. Li staras ekster la lernejo sen aliaj ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
  • 13.7k

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