Andrew Woods
  • Member for 5 years, 5 months
  • Last seen more than 1 year ago
Why doesn't Esperanto use "neutral" days and months?
24 votes

It has to be remembered that the months of the Gregorian calendar aren't universal. In the West, the first month is January. In the Jewish calendar, the first month is Nisan; in Muslim countries, the ...

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How do you say "blah blah blah" in Esperanto?
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22 votes

Bla bla — blah blah Um um um — mumble mumble Babil babil — natter natter Klaĉ klaĉ — gossip gossip http://vortaro.net/#blabla I think most European languages use the blabla formula.

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Should I ever use the pronoun "ci"?
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19 votes

You should use ci about as often as you would use thou in English. Or less. The purpose of ci was to provide an alternative, singular form of vi for use in translations (or pseudo-translations), when ...

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When to use "ĉu" instead of "se"?
17 votes

The words following se provide the condition under which the other clause becomes relevant. So, Mi ne scias se li estas amika means "If it is the case that he is friendly, then I do not know." You ...

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Should I use "komencas" or "komenciĝas" when talking about which letter a word begins with?
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16 votes

Komenci is transitive. If we are told that a word komencas, then what does it komenci? The only immediately intelligible answer is "itself". So it komencas sin or komenciĝas (= "is begun"). Lia nomo ...

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What's "feedback" in Esperanto?
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16 votes

Feedback has several meanings in English. In science and engineering, a circuit providing feedback is a retrokuplo, and the result can be pozitiva/negativa retrokuplado or -eco. (Kupli is to couple.) ...

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Why do so many prejudices and misinformation exist about Esperanto?
16 votes

The explanation seems quite simple to me. The natural line of thought is: if Esperanto was a good idea, people would have adopted it; but people haven't adopted it, so it wasn't a good idea, and I won'...

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What can I say instead of "zorgi"?
13 votes

The word zorgi is vague, but in many cases, surrounding details make it clear what the situation is. In your example, Mi zorgas pri mia avino would usually be followed by something like Mi volus ...

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What is the difference between "krom" and "escepte"?
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13 votes

Your two sentences mean the same thing. However, krom means "besides", and as a result there are situations in which it could mean both "except" and "as well as". Mi ...

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Why is Esperanto music so full of mistakes?
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13 votes

The vast majority of Esperantists learn the language as an adult, and unless you are a voracious reader there are few opportunities for practice. Since we normally learn grammar through years of ...

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When I assign sex to an animal, does it become li / ŝi?
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12 votes

Zamenhof's intuition was that human beings could be li, ŝi, or ĝi, but that animals are always ĝi. Kiam oni parolas pri bestoj, mi konsilas ĉiam uzi nur la senseksan pronomon “ĝi”, — ne sole kiam (en ...

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What can I say to express disgust or dislike?
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12 votes

The standard one is Fi! It is linked to the prefix fi- expressing disapproval, and because this disapproval may be the result of disgust, Fi! can be extended to disgust. From Zamenhof's translation ...

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Kio estas la diferenco inter 'nura' kaj 'sola'?
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12 votes

La vorto nura esprimas nesufiĉecon; la vorto sola esprimas foreston de kunuloj. Li ne estas viro. Eĉ kun nia helpo, la tasko estos malfacila por nura knabo. Li staras ekster la lernejo sen aliaj ...

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"en" versus "je": What's the difference?
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12 votes

Je is an abstract preposition. One of its frequent uses is for times and dates: Tio okazos je la deka horo. That will happen at ten o' clock. Tio okazos je la deka de Oktobro. That will happen on the ...

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Nenegata versio de “ĉu ne?”
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12 votes

Ĉu? estas malplena demando. Ĝi signifas Ĉu vere? aŭ Ĉu mi pravas? aŭ simple Oh? "Ĉu? Mi ĝojas! Mi ĵus estis vizitonta vian kontoron." (el Metropoliteno) La aldono ...ĉu? signifas Ĉu mi ...

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Should I use "pasinteco", "estinteco", or "paseo" to talk about the past?
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12 votes

They are all essentially the same, and work as translations both of "the past" and "his/her past" etc. La estinteco is "that which was." It forms part of the triad: ...

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How can one express "to save" in Esperanto?
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12 votes

savi — to rescue from danger or preserve from the threat of loss; to provide salvation to savi ion al iu — to rescue something for someone ŝpari, rezervi — to conserve, to save up (money, time, etc) ...

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Are the words "volapuko" and "volapukisto" used as derogatory terms in Esperanto?
12 votes

An article was recently published (in Interlinguistica Tartuensis IX, 2009) concerning Esperanto insults, which included a list of a few dozen recorded from the late 1980s. A reviewer commented: ...

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How can I say "I feel ya"?
11 votes

I would text Kunsente. I tend to use adverbs for single-word sentences. In the list I have included the -at-, -it-, but they feel a bit fussy to me. Other people should have a wider range of ...

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Question structure in Esperanto
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11 votes

The answer is no. This is discussed in PMEG, section 22.3, Demandoj sen demandovorto. They normally take one of two forms: Sentence fragments, usually 2-3 words: Via nomo? Efektive? Sed la teo? ...

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‘I for one’ / „Ich für meinen Teil” en Esperanto
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11 votes

Miaflanke mi esperas ke jes. I for one hope so. ("on my side") Miavice mi ne balotos por li. I for one will not be voting for him. ("on my turn") Mi kiel unu spektanto ne konsentas. As one observer, I ...

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How do you say "vice versa" in Esperanto?
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11 votes

You can use inverse: Mi faru la demandojn kaj vi respondu, kaj poste/refoje inverse. Mi faros demandojn al kiuj vi respondu, kaj poste ni interŝanĝu (rolojn). I wouldn't use male because that means &...

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How can I translate these sentences from Ido?
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10 votes

This is an interesting exercise, but very dated. A lot of it simply focuses on gaps in the word-stock of early Esperanto. (If you find any more of the same kind in Ido books, I am interested in seeing ...

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What is the difference between the many words for "number"?
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10 votes

The difference between nombro and numero is that nombro refers to the number itself, as a concept, while numero refers purely to a label. Ŝi havas grandan nombron da ekzemploj. She has a large number ...

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Kiu estas la origino de la ĉapelitaj literoj?
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10 votes

Eblas konjekti pli precize, ĉar ni havas tekstojn de pra-Esperanto (frua, ne publika versio de la lingvo) en ĝia stato je 1881. La diakritaj literoj tiutempe estis: Áá / Ćć / DŹ dź / Éé / Ħħ / Óó / ...

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Do dictionaries that don't exist online reflect current usage?
10 votes

Esperanto is not static, but it is very stable, partly on account of the Fundamento and the continued currency of the earliest texts, and partly because its users are relatively conservative and (for ...

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Which is the longest book published in Esperanto?
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10 votes

Something like this is best answered by someone who works at an Esperanto library. I am not sure, but I can give you a list of contenders. I don't own these books, so I can only judge by the reported ...

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Where can I find Lovecraft books in Esperanto?
10 votes

One of Lovecraft's friends, J. F. Morton, Jr., spoke Esperanto, but I don't know if he translated any of Lovecraft's work. A translation by Don Harlow of Pickman's Model An anonymous translation of ...

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Is there a difference between "dubas, ke" and "dubas, ĉu"?
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10 votes

Only use the word ĉu here when you want to emphasize uncertainty. Then it means something like sin demandi ĉu. Neniu dubas, ke tio estas fakto. No one doubts that it is a fact. Li dubis ke mi aĝis ...

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How is "an emergency" translated into Esperanto?
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10 votes

Krizo is crisis and krizokazo is an event precipitating or heralding a crisis. PIV gives the medical sense of "crisis" first (i.e. turning point in illness), and marks all other uses as ...

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