Tomaso Alexander
  • Member for 5 years, 4 months
  • Last seen more than 2 years ago
Why are there two words for "heart"?
10 votes

According to Vilborg, all four playing card suit names were taken together directly from French - apparently without regard to koro - which comes primarily from Latin. In fact, all four suits ...

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Can I duplicate an affix for exaggerated effect?
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10 votes

I had an interesting conversation with Bertilo Wennergren about reduplication in Esperanto. He and I have a different view of things. I am convinced that reduplication happens in Esperanto. His ...

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Is Esperanto likely to survive in future?
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10 votes

“It's tough to make predictions, especially about the future.” ― Yogi Berra My first thought when I saw your question was that there may well come a day when nobody is interested in Esperanto. That ...

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Help me remember which is which: "humoro" and "humuro"
10 votes

I remember it this way. The U in humUro is smiling (at something funny). The other one (humoro) means mood.

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Is "dum" missing in the sentence "Mi atendis pli ol horo"?
10 votes

Yes, you need the accusative. There are many examples in the Tekstaro that would illustrate. Tie ili estis devigataj atendi pli ol unu horon; Ned ne atendis pli ol kvin minutojn por la ekzameno ...

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When do you use "si" and "sia" instead of "li" and "lia"?
10 votes

You asked for short: Use si/sia when both are true the pronoun is not part of the subject. the pronoun refers to the subject of the verb. Regarding point 1: you'll never see la viro kaj sia edzino ...

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How to say "streak"?
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10 votes

I have been saying sinsekvo. I never gave it much thought. Checking PIV, I'm confident that sinsekvo is OK. Of the other suggestions so far, serio also seems good after checking PIV.

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What are the grammatically correct alternatives of “kio la fek”?
10 votes

It seems to me that "fek" was chosen - as an anglicism - because it sounds like the third word in WTF. I've been swearing in Esperanto since before WTF was a thing, and I always swear on the devil (or ...

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Esperanto en as English in
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9 votes

I'm curious about your choice of examples and learning materials. Google Translate is not a good source to learn from and two of the three examples you have about cats and houses are grammatically ...

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Are the compound verb tenses ever really used in Esperanto?
9 votes

You will find people who stand by the "complex tenses." (It's likely that a few will answer here.) The point of Esperanto is to be simple, and it's possible (and encouraged) to express any thought ...

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How often is "esperanto" used in Esperanto?
9 votes

My impression is that it's not used very much as a noun (esper-ant-o) - and a search in the Tekstaro shows that most of the usages of esperanto in lower case are actually references to Esperanto, not ...

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Kial ne “okulvitro” anstataŭ “okulvitroj” se kaj “pantalono” kaj “tondilo” estas singularaj?
9 votes

Ĉar estas du vitroj kaj nur unu pantalono kaj nur unu ilo por tondi. Diversaj lingvoj traktas tiajn aferojn malsame. "Logike" tamen, unu parto de tondilo ne povas tondi kaj sekve ne povas esti ...

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Position of unemphatic pronouns
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9 votes

Both are correct. Mi volas vidi lin is the most neutral word order. None of the examples you give strike me as all that shocking or unusual -- or even that emphatic. Of them, I find the following most ...

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Prefixes vs Suffixes: Which one is strongest?
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9 votes

Someone said to me years ago that language is not math. That is, when trying to express something in Esperanto, so-called "logic" can only take us so far. Eventually we have to use common sense, ...

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What is "stress" in Esperanto?
9 votes

This surprised me when I was a learner, but the word is streĉo. The word streso does exist, but I didn't mention it because it's not in wide use. It's not in Wells, for example, and not well attested ...

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How to say "to master Esperanto"?
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9 votes

The word you're looking for is indeed regi. Mastri is a much less common word, and while it is occasionally used to describe competency in a language, it more often has a connotation closer to ...

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Using an adjective when there is no noun?
9 votes

You are correct that under most circumstances, you don't use an adjective when there is no noun. Adjectives modify nouns, so if you're not modifying a noun, you almost never use an adjective. There ...

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When is the prefix ne- and when is it mal-?
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9 votes

To your list of prefixes, you could add sen-. If something has a clear opposite, then it's mal- (e.g. malvera, malsimila, malsama). If it's something that is either there or not, then it's -ne (e.g. ...

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Are some bad habits being observed among Duolingo alumni?
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9 votes

The two things that spring to my mind are: The overuse of stative verbs, e.g. li altas vs li estas alta. The use of certain affixes as independent words, e.g. ope. An argument can be made in favor ...

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Which if any esperanto words are not viable as affixes for constructing new words?
9 votes

Any word is viable as part of a compound. The only limitation is whether it makes sense. Even "la" could be used in a compound if it makes sense to do so. As a contrived example: senlaa frazo.

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Is PIV an infallible reference
9 votes

While PIV is often regarded as the "official" guide to Esperanto, it has never been considered flawless. If it were, it would never be necessary to publish updates or corrections. People question the ...

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What does the combination "sed tamen" mean?
9 votes

"But however" does seem odd, but nevertheless ...

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"Deveni el" or "veni el"?
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9 votes

It's about the same as the difference between "come from" and "originate from." Often the meaning doesn't change much, but sometimes it can. PIV (vortaro.net) sums it up pretty well. veni de ia ...

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Is it "Mi lernas kun Duolingo" or "Mi lernas per Duolingo"?
9 votes

Kun always means "together with." Mi lernas kun Duolingo implies that Duolingo is learning along with you. Per is the right choice here.

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How to translate "butterscotch pie" to Esperanto?
9 votes

Like many terms involving food, the first question to ask before trying to translate it into the International Language is whether the concept you're translating in an international one. Do people in ...

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How to translate "to manage to do something"?
9 votes

Generally, I would say sukcesis, but if in certain contexts you're going for a different nuance, there are other potential options. Estis malfacile eduki sola du infanojn, sed ŝi sukcesis. Benson (...

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Can "ĉi" be used as a postposition?
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9 votes

One thing we can say for sure is what vorto montra means. The Ekzercaro de la Fundamento de Esperanto also mentions vortojn montrajn. Se ni aldonas la literon “t”, ni ricevas vortojn montrajn: tia, ...

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What is “kioma” used for besides asking for the time?
9 votes

Kioma is used to ask about anything which is an ordered sequence. Here are some examples of it being used other than to ask the time. Kaj li rememoris (kioman fojon en ĉi tiu jaro!) la maljustaĵojn ...

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What is the difference between "trans" and "tra"?
9 votes

Trans means "on the other side of". If you're on one side of the street and then you iras trans la straton - you will then be trans la strato (on the other side of the street.) (Trans la strato ...

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What would be the roadmap to propose a spelling reform?
8 votes

Step 1: Write out the reform in great detail. Produce a body of work in the reform to make it immediately useful. Step 2: Fall in love with a rich woman (or man) with a dowry. Step 3: Use the dowry ...

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