Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [word-formation]

The tag has no usage guidance.

0
votes
0answers
18 views

Esperanto word formation ambiguity

Estas skribita tio en PAG: Tio troviĝas precipe ĉe la largsignifaj sufiksoidoj AĴ, IL kaj UM: porkaĵo povas esti viando aŭ maldecaĵo, kovrilo povas rilati indiferente al tiel diversaj aferoj, kiel ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Ĉu -io estas sufikso?

Nu, -i- ja estas produkta sufikso en nia lingvo, almenaŭ "eks-sufikso", ekz. oni formas landnomojn, kiel Francio, Germanio, ktp. Sed la sufikso ne estas disigebla: "io" ne signifas lando kaj "ia" ne ...
1
vote
2answers
71 views

Etymology of kato and kata

According to the Wiktionary, kato originates from French, Italian, Latin, etc... and kata comes from kato + a. But how can we say that it is not the opposite? Can we say that the root kat- comes from ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Why use “librejo” to mean bookstore?

Learning Esperanto on Lernu.net, I've found that suffix -ej- is for space for placing something. There are examples from this site: lerni → lernejo = school dormi → dormejo = bedroom eliri → elirejo ...
9
votes
2answers
329 views

Double suffixes?

Is there any specific rule which forbids the same suffix applied twice in a row? Context: I've randomly tried to imagine what programming variables would be called in Esperanto and realized that "...
3
votes
2answers
464 views

Is there a suffix “-or-” in Esperanto?

Today, I discovered the work ankoraŭ but I confused it with ankaŭ. If I correclty understood the meaning of those words: ankaŭ In addition to something ankoraŭ This word shows a continuity ...
5
votes
4answers
227 views

Vortoj pri uzo de e-cigaredo

Mi ne scias ĉu ekzistas vortoj en Esperanto por la uzado de elektronikaj cigaredoj. Pri tio mi nenion trovis. Aliaj lingvoj evitas vortojn kiel fumi, fumado, ktp. rilate al e-cigaredo. Ekz. en la ...
7
votes
3answers
117 views

Why do some compound words leave out the “o”?

I'm working through this exercise. It has labortablo and skribotablo as two of the words. Why isn't the former laborotablo instead? Furthermore, would labora tablo and skriba tablo be equivalent, ...
6
votes
3answers
172 views

What’s the deal with “fariĝi”?

In a lot of places I see the word fariĝi when, from context, it seems that the speaker/writer just meant iĝi (to become). For example: «Mi studas por (far)iĝi kuracisto.» Why is the radical far- used ...
11
votes
2answers
232 views

Prefixes vs Suffixes: Which one is strongest?

Sometimes a prefix and a suffix collide to form a word. An example is malino (mal- + -ino) which is sometimes used in informal language to mean ”a man”. However, I’ve often wondered: Which ’fix gets ...
6
votes
3answers
155 views

What's the word for “meme”

Someone used "memo" or "memeo" but I hardly agree either. The first is misguiding as "mem" means self, so "memo" makes people think "memo" is the noun form. "Memeo " is an unnecessary transliterated ...
12
votes
4answers
227 views

Why “foj” is repeated in “fojfoje”?

The word fojfoje has a repetition of the root foj. Why and how does this alter the meaning of the word, compared to the word foje?
10
votes
2answers
73 views

La nuanco inter du malsametaj “ni”

En ĉina mandarino estas du vortoj por "ni" Women / 我们 Ni, sed la aŭskultanto ne estas inklusivita. Do Women nur reprezentas la diranton. Zanmen/咱们 Ni, inklusive la aŭskultanto. Do Zamen inklusivas ...
7
votes
2answers
67 views

Ĉu oni povas kunigi vortojn per aliaj kategoriaj finaĵoj, ol “-o”?

Mi lernis ke Esperanto permesas kunigi leksemojn nur per "-o-" inter la partoj (lunolumo) "-" inter la partoj (lun-lumo) neniu inter la partoj (lunlumo) Kaj ankaŭ ke kiam oni uzas numeralojn, la "-a-...
6
votes
8answers
226 views

Why do adjective share their noun's ending?

For example, belan virinon (beautiful woman, in case I'm being unintelligible) or belaj virinoj (beautiful women). Imagine there is more sentence there. Why does the adjective share the ending of the ...
8
votes
4answers
110 views

Compound Tenses

Researching the in-depth usages of Esperanto verbs, I came across this Wikipedia entry. In short, the entry claims that for compound tenses such as "mi estas kuranta" (present tense progressive, "I ...
2
votes
3answers
80 views

Translating the word “workbench” into esperanto

I began learning using this source : http://learn.esperanto.com/en/01/ekzerco3/ I had to translate this : "What is on the work-bench in our room?" What I initially thought : Kio estas sur la ...
8
votes
3answers
111 views

What's the difference between the words “aĵo” and “esto” and “estaĵo”

They all seem to be defined as "being", "entity", or "thing", though "estaĵo" also seems to be "creature." Where does this nuance come from? Why do each of these words exist, and how can I use each to ...
7
votes
3answers
77 views

Is there a list of words with the -um- ending?

Since the -um- suffix is undefined, is there any list of words that use it and say what they mean?
5
votes
3answers
239 views

Converting verbs to nouns

Suppose I have a verb, for example kunfandiĝi (hopefully something like to merge), but I want a noun describing a process of that word (in this case, to merge would in English become merging). Is ...
4
votes
2answers
57 views

Which if any esperanto words are not viable as affixes for constructing new words?

For example it seems to me that la probably isn't viable. Is this really the case?
5
votes
2answers
40 views

Kiel mallongigi kunmetitajn vortojn?

En Esperanto, oni mallongigas nomojn aŭ esprimojn, plejparte uzante la komencan literon de ĉiu vorto en la nomo/esprimo, ekz.: UEA = Universala Esperanto-Asocio TEJO = Tutmonda Esperantista ...
3
votes
3answers
95 views

Word construction with an adjective

It seems to me that sometimes one uses a root that is really an adjective in building a word, but if the pronunciation is hard, it seemed to me that PMEG states I should put in o. Example found in ...
4
votes
1answer
49 views

How do you say “to scoff” as distinct from “to mock” (moki)?

This question came up as an example in a more general question about Esperanto. The specific question here, though, does warrant an answer. How do you express the different shades of meaning in ...
5
votes
2answers
201 views

Is “oi” a valid pair of letters in esperanto?

I haven't run into any words that have oi in them that I recall. Is it a valid construction? How is it pronounced if so?
8
votes
1answer
91 views

“Ĉionmanĝanta ŝafo” or “Ĉiomanĝanta ŝafo”? Can you build a word with the accusative like that?

I want to build an adjective for a sheep that eats everything. I had the idea to put together the last part of the sentence "Ŝafo manĝanta ĉion", giving ĉionmanĝanta. However, this word is very ...
6
votes
4answers
162 views

What are some example-words to show how well affixes work?

I've seen malsanulejo in many places; a good example for how logically roots and affixes can be combined to make useful words. Malsanulejo has a clear meaning, and can easily be translated into ...
2
votes
1answer
155 views

What is the equivalent of compound words created by joining them with hyphen?

In English, when using two or more words as attributive I join them with hyphens. If you're desperate for dual-GPU performance, the 18.4-inch Alienware 18 has a dual-GeForce GTX 880M option That ...
7
votes
1answer
81 views

Policisto or Policano

I've always used policano but today I discovered that policisto, while not as common, is in fairly wide use. It is even found in some reputable dictionaries. Is there a reason to prefer one term or ...
5
votes
2answers
50 views

What is the difference between “bluverda”, “verdblua” and “blua kaj verda”?

Is there a special meaning when several colors are compounded?
7
votes
2answers
182 views

Amuzaj vortoj kaj frazoj en Esperanto

Mi volas ekkoni pli da amuzaj vortoj kaj frazoj en Esperanto. Ekz.: “germanujo” estas ujo por Germanoj ktp. (kia amuza bildo – granda ujo, plena de germanoj) “langrompilo” (tongue twister) estas ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Should we create new words with “oŭ”?

This sound is very rare, I only know poŭpo and toŭfuo. Because of that, it is probably hard to pronounce for some speakers. Yet, oŭ can be useful if we need to create a new word that sounds very ...