Questions tagged [nouns]

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2
votes
2answers
66 views

Describing a collective noun

In saying something like "The group is big" ("La grupo estas granda"), I'm referring to the noun "group" singularly (i.e. the group itself is big). How would I refer to it collectively as in English, ...
9
votes
2answers
597 views

Is it correct to translate English noun adjuncts into adjectives?

This is related to a question about English noun sequences. The reason I'm asking is because of an apparent inconsistency in which constructions such as peanut butter, climate change or world war are ...
3
votes
2answers
98 views

What is ”size” in Esperanto?

I can tell the difference betweeen a quantity and the presence of a quality. rapido - speed / rapideco - quickness longo - length / longeco - longness pezo - weight / pezeco - heaviness I thought ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is Esperanto a noun, but other languages are adjectives?

Consider the two sentences: Mi parolas Esperanton. Mi parolas la anglan. How come English is used as an adjective, but Esperanto as a noun? Both are languages, so where does this difference come ...
4
votes
2answers
275 views

Are there any true homonyms in Esperanto?

Okay, I’m cheating a bit, since I already know about one true homonym in Esperanto: radio (meaning radio or ray). Do any others exist? I’m looking for single word roots with divergent meanings, so no ...
4
votes
2answers
51 views

Kiel oni mallongigas tempajn unuojn?

Kiel oni mallongigas sekundo, minuto, horo, semajno, monato kaj jaro? En la angla estas sec, min, h, w, mo, kaj yr laŭ mi scio. Kio pri en Esperanto?
6
votes
8answers
281 views

Why do adjective share their noun's ending?

For example, belan virinon (beautiful woman, in case I'm being unintelligible) or belaj virinoj (beautiful women). Imagine there is more sentence there. Why does the adjective share the ending of the ...
5
votes
3answers
433 views

Converting verbs to nouns

Suppose I have a verb, for example kunfandiĝi (hopefully something like to merge), but I want a noun describing a process of that word (in this case, to merge would in English become merging). Is ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

Ĉu Esperanto havas substantivojn, kiuj povas nur esti pluralaj?

En la angla, oni havas ekz. scissors (tondilo) aŭ trousers (pantalono), ne ekzistas *scissor aŭ *trouser. Ĉu estas similaj vortoj en Esperanto, krom propraj (geografiaj ktp.) nomoj? Mi unue konsideris ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

In which context can I use “gea”?

Word-Building with Esperanto Affixes says that gea means male+female, and Wiktionary says it means both sexes, mixed. Can I use it to mean a person having the reproductive organs of both genders, or ...
5
votes
1answer
109 views

Using the plural for uncountable nouns

I found a reference to plural of uncountable nouns in Nombro ĉe O-vortoj, which says: Multaj O-vortoj estas nomoj de neindividuecaj aŭ substancecaj aferoj, kiuj ne povas esti nombrataj. Oni ne ...
5
votes
2answers
365 views

How do I translate a name?

Suppose I want to translate an Italian name like Guglielmo. Do I first translate it in a language with a pronunciation closer to Esperanto (for example, William in English), or do I adapt it directly ...
6
votes
2answers
605 views

What are examples of Esperanto-given names?

I am looking for Esperanto given names, e.g., used in Esperanto literature or as esperantisations of real names. What are examples besides Ludoviko?