Questions tagged [participles]

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votes
2answers
40 views

Expressing “<verb>-ingly”, where “<verb>” happens to be transitive

Suppose I have this intentionally strange-sounding (and perhaps ungrammatical) sentence. Finante faru ĝin! Maybe even this one. Faru ĝin! Sed finante! That is to say, "Do it, but finishingly ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Present continuous without a pronoun?

I was looking at a post which said: "organo konsistanta el karnaj fibroj kaj servanta por movi la diversajn partojn de la korpo" I am a bit confused on why konsistanta was used instead of ...
3
votes
3answers
55 views

Perdite/perdita en ŝiaj/siaj pensoj…

Mi volas diri frazon kiel la jenan: Joan, perdite en siaj pensoj, forgesis ŝlosi la pordon. Tamen mi hezitas pri la vortoj perdite kaj siaj. Se mi bone komprenas, en ĉi tiu okazo oni povas uzi ...
2
votes
2answers
34 views

Infinitive form of compound tenses?

Compound tenses are formed by combining the auxiliary verb "esti" with a participle (e.g. "mi estis leganta" -> "mi legantis"). Is there ever such a thing as an infinitive form of a compound (e.g. "...
9
votes
3answers
66 views

Can one use -ot- and -ont knowing that the expected never happened?

I am reading through the participle-section of the course "La teorio Nakamura" at lernu.net. One of the examples surprized me. Oni preskaŭ kaptis lin, sed li forkuris. → Kaptote, li forkuris. = He ...
4
votes
3answers
134 views

What are the usual use cases for -ont- forms?

By now I am feeling pretty confident in using -ant- and -int- forms, partly because they have a direct correspondence in my native language, but I am not sure in what real-world situations I would ...
8
votes
4answers
144 views

Compound Tenses

Researching the in-depth usages of Esperanto verbs, I came across this Wikipedia entry. In short, the entry claims that for compound tenses such as "mi estas kuranta" (present tense progressive, "I ...
8
votes
3answers
95 views

« Parolante pri … »

Se mi parolas kun iu kaj mi volas subite ŝanĝi la temon al io nerekte rilata, mi ofte uzas esprimon kiu komenciĝas per « parolante pri … » por montri la ligon inter la du temoj, ekzemple: Mi pensas ...