23 votes

Are “la malplej juna” and “la plej maljuna” entirely interchangeable?

No, they are not entirely interchangeable any more than a pair like the following are entirely interchangeable. He is the most pleasant one of the bunch. He is the least annoying one of the bunch. ...
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22 votes
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How do you say "blah blah blah" in Esperanto?

Bla bla — blah blah Um um um — mumble mumble Babil babil — natter natter Klaĉ klaĉ — gossip gossip http://vortaro.net/#blabla I think most European languages use the blabla formula.
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  • 13.7k
21 votes
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How to sign a letter in Esperanto?

The formal expression: Kun afablaj salutoj If you consider the person a friend: Kun amikaj salutoj More informally: Amike salutas Or even simpler: Amike To really closed friends or beloved ...
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20 votes

When to use "ĉu" instead of "se"?

Simple rule of thumb - if you are able to substitute "whether" (I don't know whether he's friendly) then use "ĉu".
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18 votes
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What is the difference between "flari" and "odori"?

I can explain the difference with a simple sentence: "Mi flaras la floron. La floro odoras bone." flari: to sense a smell released by something with one's nose (the subject is a person) odori: to ...
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17 votes
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When to use "olda" instead of "maljuna"?

olda is a neologism which can mean either maljuna or malnova like the English word "old". It appears in the dictionary Simplaj Samsignifaj Vortoj which is a list of recommendations about good usage ...
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  • 16.9k
17 votes

When to use "ĉu" instead of "se"?

The words following se provide the condition under which the other clause becomes relevant. So, Mi ne scias se li estas amika means "If it is the case that he is friendly, then I do not know." You ...
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  • 13.7k
15 votes
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What is the difference between "gajni" and "venki"?

"gajni" comes from the English "to gain", and has more or less the same meaning as "to gain", i.e. it generally expresses the idea of receiving something. You can use it to translate "to win", ...
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15 votes

Should I use "teamo" or "skipo"?

It's very common and perfectly OK to use teamo as a synonym for skipo. Look up the use of "teamo" at tekstaro.com. It seems most uses in the magazine Monato are nothing to do with sport, and in La ...
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  • 1,073
14 votes

What is the difference between "klarigi" and "ekspliki"?

The root eksplik- does not exist in Akademia vortaro. So I recommend to prefer klarigi over ekspliki as it is more Esperantesque. There's no clear difference in the meaning. I never use ekspliki and, ...
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14 votes
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How do you say that something is "on a website"? Which preposition to use?

I ran a search on the phrase 'la retejo' using tekstaro.com, and found that all the relevant results used 'en'. Some examples are below: Aktualaj informoj pri HELA estas en la retejo de Varsovia ...
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13 votes
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How does one say “What do you mean?” in Esperanto?

A usual expression is Kion vi celas? More precise would be "Kion vi celas diri?" but you'd drop "diri" in colloquial language.
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13 votes
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What is the difference between "krom" and "escepte"?

Your two sentences mean the same thing. However, krom means "besides", and as a result there are situations in which it could mean both "except" and "as well as". Mi ...
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  • 13.7k
12 votes
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How to refer to "The Internet" in Esperanto?

The Internet is La Interreto, but just as Internet in English has transformed over the years to be lowercase as internet, the same applies to Esperanto, so today I would recommend calling it interreto ...
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  • 2,304
12 votes
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How can one express "to save" in Esperanto?

savi — to rescue from danger or preserve from the threat of loss; to provide salvation to savi ion al iu — to rescue something for someone ŝpari, rezervi — to conserve, to save up (money, time, etc) ...
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  • 13.7k
12 votes
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Should I use "pasinteco", "estinteco", or "paseo" to talk about the past?

They are all essentially the same, and work as translations both of "the past" and "his/her past" etc. La estinteco is "that which was." It forms part of the triad: ...
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  • 13.7k
12 votes

What is the correct way to say "to ask a question"?

Usually, the object of the verb demandi is the person being asked, e.g. Li demandis min pri la historio de la loko. In Tekstaro, if you search "demandon", you will find several examples of fari ...
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  • 3,171
12 votes
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"en" versus "je": What's the difference?

Je is an abstract preposition. One of its frequent uses is for times and dates: Tio okazos je la deka horo. That will happen at ten o' clock. Tio okazos je la deka de Oktobro. That will happen on the ...
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  • 13.7k
12 votes
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When I assign sex to an animal, does it become li / ŝi?

Zamenhof's intuition was that human beings could be li, ŝi, or ĝi, but that animals are always ĝi. Kiam oni parolas pri bestoj, mi konsilas ĉiam uzi nur la senseksan pronomon “ĝi”, — ne sole kiam (en ...
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  • 13.7k
11 votes
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How do you say "vice versa" in Esperanto?

You can use inverse: Mi faru la demandojn kaj vi respondu, kaj poste/refoje inverse. Mi faros demandojn al kiuj vi respondu, kaj poste ni interŝanĝu (rolojn). I wouldn't use male because that means &...
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  • 13.7k
11 votes
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Is "jam ne" correct? ("Mi jam ne spektas televidon")

The expressions "ne plu" and "jam ne" mean the same thing. "ne plu" is significantly more common, but "jam ne" is not wrong.
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11 votes
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Should we use "marŝi" or "paŝi" for "to walk"?

The main choices for "walk" are: iri to go. In some contexts it may be easy to guess that you walked. piediri to go on foot. Specifying that you walked. (This is the best choice for your last ...
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  • 13.7k
11 votes
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English-Esperanto false friends

There's a rather good list of false friends on Wikibooks: https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Esperanto/Appendix/False_friends#English There are quite many, but looking through them might be a good idea, ...
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  • 4,662
11 votes
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What is the difference between "neŭtra" and "neŭtrala"?

They are two different words. From Vortaro: Neŭtra Tia, ke ĝi apartenas nek al unu nek al alia el du kategorioj. That which belongs to neither of two categories. Examples: Neither man or woman, ...
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  • 1,234
11 votes
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What is the difference between "festo" and "ferio"?

They're different. While "holiday" is a valid translation for both, the two have different meanings (which are preserved in English). The PIV has the following definitions for the two words: ...
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  • 1,225
11 votes

Should I use "teamo" or "skipo"?

I would use skipo, as this is technically the correct meaning you want. I personally consider the use of teamo an Anglicism. English has only one word for both concepts: team. So people get confused. ...
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11 votes

Which word should I use for "to drive (a car)"?

To this list we can add ŝofori. I've been asking myself this same question for close to 20 years and I've come to the conclusion that there is no obvious best answer. Each one at times seems to not ...
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11 votes
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"Trink-" versus "drink-"

It looks like your source contains some errors. The distinction is fairly simple. trinki - to drink (something). drinki - to drink alcohol to excess. As a result, the right verb to use with a glass ...
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11 votes
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Which word should I use for "nickname"?

Kromnomo - nickname Kaŝnomo - alias, pen name; a fake name to hide your real name Karesnomo - a familiar name (for friends only) So, if you're asking someone with a long or difficult name if you ...
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10 votes

How does one express "to control" in Esperanto?

The closest verb for to control is probably regi. In some contexts, you might also use stiri, konduki, etc.
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