Questions tagged [nouns]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
9 votes
2 answers
623 views

Is it correct to translate English noun adjuncts into adjectives?

This is related to a question about English noun sequences. The reason I'm asking is because of an apparent inconsistency in which constructions such as peanut butter, climate change or world war are ...
user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
3k views

Why is Esperanto a noun, but other languages are adjectives?

Consider the two sentences: Mi parolas Esperanton. Mi parolas la anglan. How come English is used as an adjective, but Esperanto as a noun? Both are languages, so where does this difference come ...
user avatar
  • 227
6 votes
8 answers
304 views

Why do adjective share their noun's ending?

For example, belan virinon (beautiful woman, in case I'm being unintelligible) or belaj virinoj (beautiful women). Imagine there is more sentence there. Why does the adjective share the ending of the ...
user avatar
  • 427
6 votes
2 answers
708 views

What are examples of Esperanto-given names?

I am looking for Esperanto given names, e.g., used in Esperanto literature or as esperantisations of real names. What are examples besides Ludoviko?
user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
446 views

How do I translate a name?

Suppose I want to translate an Italian name like Guglielmo. Do I first translate it in a language with a pronunciation closer to Esperanto (for example, William in English), or do I adapt it directly ...
user avatar
  • 1,675
5 votes
3 answers
532 views

Converting verbs to nouns

Suppose I have a verb, for example kunfandiĝi (hopefully something like to merge), but I want a noun describing a process of that word (in this case, to merge would in English become merging). Is ...
user avatar
  • 153
5 votes
1 answer
119 views

Using the plural for uncountable nouns

I found a reference to plural of uncountable nouns in Nombro ĉe O-vortoj, which says: Multaj O-vortoj estas nomoj de neindividuecaj aŭ substancecaj aferoj, kiuj ne povas esti nombrataj. Oni ne ...
user avatar
  • 1,675
4 votes
2 answers
302 views

Are there any true homonyms in Esperanto?

Okay, I’m cheating a bit, since I already know about one true homonym in Esperanto: radio (meaning radio or ray). Do any others exist? I’m looking for single word roots with divergent meanings, so no ...
user avatar
  • 1,988
4 votes
2 answers
53 views

Kiel oni mallongigas tempajn unuojn?

Kiel oni mallongigas sekundo, minuto, horo, semajno, monato kaj jaro? En la angla estas sec, min, h, w, mo, kaj yr laŭ mi scio. Kio pri en Esperanto?
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
68 views

Ĉu Esperanto havas substantivojn, kiuj povas nur esti pluralaj?

En la angla, oni havas ekz. scissors (tondilo) aŭ trousers (pantalono), ne ekzistas *scissor aŭ *trouser. Ĉu estas similaj vortoj en Esperanto, krom propraj (geografiaj ktp.) nomoj? Mi unue konsideris ...
user avatar
  • 3,373
3 votes
2 answers
115 views

What is ”size” in Esperanto?

I can tell the difference betweeen a quantity and the presence of a quality. rapido - speed / rapideco - quickness longo - length / longeco - longness pezo - weight / pezeco - heaviness I thought ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
76 views

Describing a collective noun

In saying something like "The group is big" ("La grupo estas granda"), I'm referring to the noun "group" singularly (i.e. the group itself is big). How would I refer to it collectively as in English, ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
83 views

In which context can I use "gea"?

Word-Building with Esperanto Affixes says that gea means male+female, and Wiktionary says it means both sexes, mixed. Can I use it to mean a person having the reproductive organs of both genders, or ...
user avatar
  • 1,675
0 votes
2 answers
80 views

Should proper nouns be transcribed with Esperanto letters or not?

Should proper nouns be transcribed with Esperanto letters or not? For example "Gia" (Italian name): Do I write "Ĝia" or "Ĝiao" or "Giao" or "Gia"?
user avatar